What does permanent residency mean in Germany in 2021?
Posted on December 5, 2020
Getting a permanent residency in Germany means access to many benefits. There are two types of residence permits- limited (Aufenthaltserlaubnis) and unlimited (Niederlassungserlaubnis). The limited permit has a validity date and will expire after a few years. However, you can apply for an extension.
The unlimited residence permit allows you to live and work in Germany for an unrestricted period. However, to be eligible for permanent residency you need to fulfil certain eligibility conditions:
- Duration of stay
You can apply for a permanent residence permit if you have been in Germany for five years or more. If you are working or studying in Germany with a legal residence permit, you can apply for your German PR visa.
- Income and professional qualification
If you are a highly qualified worker with the stipulated annual income, you can apply for a PR immediately.
If you have special technical knowledge or are involved in academic teaching or research, then you can get your PR visa.
- Knowledge of German language
Knowledge of the German language is necessary to obtain PR. B1 level of German is required which will be quite easy if you have lived in the country for more than two years. Apart from this you need to have some knowledge of German society such as its legal, social and political system.
- Contribution to pension insurance
For making a PR application, you should have contributed to the statutory pension insurance of Germany. The duration of the contribution varies with the criteria you belong to. If you belong to the general category you should have contributed to the fund for at least 60 months.
If you have an EU Blue Card, you should have contributed to the fund for 33 months and if you are a graduate your contribution should be for 24 months.
Required documents for PR application
When applying for permanent residency, you must submit the following documents:
- Passport and visa
- Your job offer letter with mention of income to prove you can support yourself and your family
- Proof of educational and professional qualifications
- Proof of accommodation
- Proof of having a health insurance
- Certificate proving you have B1 level knowledge of German language
- Certificate of your degree if you have studied in a German university
- Marriage certificate if you are married to a German citizen
- Letter from your employer/university
Categories entitled to special provisions
While the eligibility condition for permanent residency requires that you should have stayed in Germany for a minimum of five years, certain categories of people need not meet this criterion. Check if you belong to any of these categories. Of course, this applies to only your German PR application.
EU Blue Card holders
If you have the EU Blue Card and meet all the other requirements, you can get your PR visa in 33 months. However, you must be employed and contributed to the statutory pension scheme in the period you were in Germany. You can receive your PR in 21 months if you have a B1 level of the German language.
Graduate of German university
If you are a graduate of a German university, you can apply for a PR visa after two years if you have a job that is related to your degree. Apart from fulfilling the general requirements, you must have contributed to the statutory pension scheme for at least 24 months.
Highly-qualified individuals who fulfil the general requirements can be granted a permanent resident permit immediately. Professionals under this category include:
- Researchers who have special technical expertise
- Eminent teaching or scientific professionals
To apply under this category, you may require approval from a Federal Employment Agency.
As a self-employed professional you can apply for the PR visa after three years. In order to qualify, you must have a resident permit which entitles you for self-employment and have a successful business. You must also have proof that you have the required financial resources to support yourself.
What does a PR visa mean in 2021?
The benefits of having a PR visa are many.
- Once you get your PR visa, there is no need to contact the local Foreigners Office (Ausländerbehörde) for every approval or permission to changing your house or job to extending your visa.
- With a permanent resident permit you can apply for any type of job or look for any kind of employment even though it may not be related to your studies. If you are in Germany on an ordinary visa or a jobseeker visa you will not be allowed to apply or take up a job unrelated to your profession.
- With a PR visa you are eligible to start your own business or startup in Germany. The good news is that the German government is giving a lot of incentives to startups.
- With a PR visa you are entitled to social benefits such as childcare benefits, healthcare benefits, and welfare benefits if you lose your job or are laid off.
- A PR visa holder gets the benefit of being able to study any course of his choice in a German university for which he can get a scholarship or financial aid if required.
- Freedom of movement within the EU countries is possible for PR visa countries. They require no visa to visit or work in any other European country under the EU.
- PR visa holders have easy access to bank loans in case they want to buy a house in Germany.
- Unlike German citizens you cannot vote in election or have a German passport.
EU Blue Card
The EU Blue Card is a residence permit that does not require a visa. With the EU Blue Card, you can live and work in Germany for four years before applying for a permanent residency. It has the same privileges as the German PR.
- You can move to another country in the EU after completing 18 months of stay in Germany
- Get a residence permit to other EU countries on certain conditions
- Get full access to work opportunities and social security schemes in the EU
PR visa holders become eligible for German citizenship after completing 8 years of stay in Germany on a PR visa.